'''Asa Gray''' (November 18, 1810 – January 30, 1888) is considered the most important American botany|botanist
of the 19th century. His ''Darwiniana
'' was also considered an important explanation of how religion and science were not necessarily mutually exclusive.
Gray was Harvard University
's botany professor for several decades. Gray regularly corresponded with, and visited, many of the leading natural scientists of the era, including Charles Darwin
, who held a high regard for Gray. Gray also made several trips to Europe to collaborate with leading European scientists of the era, as well as trips to the southern and western United States. He also built an extensive network of specimen collectors.
A prolific writer of books, he was instrumental in unifying the taxonomy (biology)|taxonomic
knowledge of the plants of North America
. Of Gray's many works on botany, the most popular was his ''Manual of the Botany of the Northern United...